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El momento colombiano de las repúblicas andinas. Desde el concepto de Colombia hasta el reconocimiento internacional

Abstract : Along the lines of John Pocock's eponymous work on the 'Machiavellian moment', we give a double meaning to the Colombian moment of the Andean republics: it is both a matter of considering a temporal sequence (1815/1819-1830) and of analysing the characteristics that define it as such. This first volume of the Dossier therefore covers the regional dimension of the Colombian moment, while the next will analyse its political characteristics. In short, if the Letter of Jamaica sought to awaken the "heart of America" by uniting Venezuela with New Granada, this first volume aims to demonstrate the difficulties inherent in the territorial and institutional project that was forged afterwards. On the one hand, the incorporation of the Department of the South probably obeyed a strategic necessity, and the Southern Campaign a broader design that Bolívar sought to consolidate with the Federation of the Andes. Moreover, was Brazil not at once a bastion of Spanish-American royalists and the anteroom where the tricks of the Holy Alliance were fostered? This would explain the attempt to export Venezuelan republicanism to Pernambuco and Bolívar's willingness to help Buenos Aires defend the Banda Oriental. On the other hand, this first volume of the Dossier aims to shed light on the difficult articulation of an ephemeral national project with the reality of local and regional powers. This is illustrated by the dispute that arose in 1823 between the intendant Vicente Aguirre and the mayor of Quito, José Félix Valdivieso, as well as the disagreement between the Liberator and the highest representatives of the Peruvian elite, the "Goths" José de la Riva Agüero and Bernardo de Torre Tagle. The moment we are describing is thus a space-time that encompasses complex, interlocking scales. The trajectories of the printers who put themselves at the service of the republic are also evidence of this: these messengers of freedom dealt with the turbulence of the political transition and their own geographical wanderings. This first volume of the Dossier, under the direction of Ángel Rafael Almarza Villalobos and Georges Lomné, features contributions by Isabel Arroyo, Oscar Javier Castro, Javier Ricardo Ardila y León Hernández, Santiago Cabrera Hanna, Scarlett O'Phelan Godoy and Mariano Kloster.
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https://hal-upec-upem.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03695211
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Submitted on : Sunday, August 14, 2022 - 1:46:24 PM
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Ángel Rafael Almarza Villalobos, Georges Lomné. El momento colombiano de las repúblicas andinas. Desde el concepto de Colombia hasta el reconocimiento internacional. Procesos. Revista Ecuatoriana de Historia, Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, pp.11-196, 2021, ⟨10.29078/procesos.v.n53.2021⟩. ⟨hal-03695211⟩

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