De la "República" y otras repúblicas: la regeneración de un concepto

Abstract : This chapter is based on the texts about the concept of "republic" within the project "Iberconceptos". It compares the evolution of the concept in nine countries of the Iberian Atlantic world between 1750 and 1850. In the whole area the concept was associated to municipal governments until the appearance of the perilous "liberty of the French". The devaluation of the concept reached the level of paroxysm (1792 - 1795) shortly before Fermín de Vargas and Picornell displayed in America the most vivid expressions of republican radicalism. During the period of the Hispanic Revolution (1808 - 1823), some constitutions defined republican regimes which refused to call themselves as such. In Brazil as in Spain, a superposition of imaginaries prevailed between the nostalgia of the ancient communal liberties and a rather modern republicanism. Simón Bolivar's Colombia shows the transition of the concept from a Roman model towards the attempt to establish a Republican Monarchy. Since 1830, many have estimated that the republican forms established in America were nothing but empty shells, as they did not contain the essential ethos they should be filled with.
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Contributor : Georges Lomné <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 18, 2018 - 3:00:30 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 7, 2018 - 12:10:02 PM

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Georges Lomné. De la "República" y otras repúblicas: la regeneración de un concepto. Javier Fernández Sebastián. Diccionario político y social del mundo iberoamericano. La era de las revoluciones, 1750-1850. [Iberconceptos-I], 1, Fundación Carolina; Sociedad Estatal de Conmemoraciones Culturales de España; Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales, Madrid, pp.1253-1269, 2009, 978-84-96411-66-1. ⟨hal-01876516⟩

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