Control–ownership wedge, board of directors, and the value of excess cash

Abstract : This study investigates the effects of the separation of control and ownership on the value of cash holdings in publicly listed French firms. It also sheds light on the role of board independence in such a relation. Theory suggests that investors are more likely to discount the value of excess cash held by firms with low corporate governance. Using the valuation regression of Fama and French (1998), empirical results show that the value of excess cash holdings decreases dramatically with the separation of control and cash-flow rights of the controlling shareholder. This value discount is, however, less pronounced in firms with more independent boards (i.e., boards with more independent directors and separate chief executive officer and chair positions). Our empirical findings support the argument that excess cash contributes less to firm value when minority shareholders are more likely to be expropriated by controlling shareholders. Independent boards seem to be effective in mitigating investors' concerns about the use of excess cash. Overall, the results provide compelling evidence that cash valuation is largely influenced by corporate governance quality in a concentrated ownership setting.
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https://hal-upec-upem.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01155486
Contributor : Sabri Boubaker <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2015 - 5:36:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 27, 2015 - 1:03:15 AM

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Mohamed Belkhir, Sabri Boubaker, Derouiche Imen. Control–ownership wedge, board of directors, and the value of excess cash. Economic Modelling, Elsevier, 2014, 39, pp.110-122. ⟨http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264999314000704⟩. ⟨hal-01155486⟩

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