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Finite-Repetition threshold for infinite ternary words

Abstract : The exponent of a word is the ratio of its length over its smallest period. The repetitive threshold r(a) of an a-letter alphabet is the smallest rational number for which there exists an infinite word whose finite factors have exponent at most r(a). This notion was introduced in 1972 by Dejean who gave the exact values of r(a) for every alphabet size a as it has been eventually proved in 2009. The finite-repetition threshold for an a-letter alphabet refines the above notion. It is the smallest rational number FRt(a) for which there exists an infinite word whose finite factors have exponent at most FRt(a) and that contains a finite number of factors with exponentr(a). It is known from Shallit (2008) that FRt(2) = 7/3. With each finite-repetition threshold is associated the smallest number of r(a)-exponent factors that can be found in the corresponding infinite word. It has been proved by Badkobeh and Crochemore (2010) that this number is 12 for infinite binary words whose maximal exponent is 7/3. We show that FRt(3) = r(3) = 7/4 and that the bound is achieved with an infinite word containing only two 7/4-exponent words, the smallest number. Based on deep experiments we conjecture that FRt(4) = r(4) = 7/5. The question remains open for alphabets with more than four letters.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2013 - 10:04:14 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 26, 2020 - 7:06:06 PM
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Golnaz Badkobeh, Maxime Crochemore. Finite-Repetition threshold for infinite ternary words. WORDS, 2011, Prague, Czech Republic. pp.37-43, ⟨10.4204/EPTCS.63.7⟩. ⟨hal-00742056⟩

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