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Independent scattering model and velocity dispersion in trabecular bone: comparison with a multiple scattering model

Abstract : Speed of sound measurements are used clinically to assess bone strength. Trabecular bone is an attenuating composite material in which negative values of velocity dispersion have been measured; this behavior remaining poorly explained physically. The aim of this work is to describe the ultrasonic propagation in trabecular bone modeled by infinite cylinders immersed in a saturating matrix and to derive the physical determinants of velocity dispersion. An original homogenization model accounting for the coupling of independent scattering and absorption phenomena allows the computation of phase velocity and of dispersion while varying bone properties. The first step of the model consists in the computation of the attenuation coefficient at all frequencies. The second step of the model corresponds to the application of the general Kramers-Kronig relationship to derive the frequency dependence of phase velocity. The model predicts negative values of velocity dispersion in agreement with experimental results obtained in phantoms mimicking trabecular bone. In trabecular bone, only negative values of velocity dispersion are predicted by the model, which span within the range of values measured experimentally. However, the comparison of the present results with results obtained in Haiat et al. (J Acoust Soc Am 124:4047-4058, 2008) assuming multiple scattering indicates that accounting for multiple scattering phenomena leads to a better prediction of velocity dispersion in trabecular bone.
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https://hal-upec-upem.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00692853
Contributor : Guillaume Haiat <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 1, 2012 - 3:28:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 9, 2020 - 11:58:08 AM

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G. Haiat, S. Naili. Independent scattering model and velocity dispersion in trabecular bone: comparison with a multiple scattering model. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, Springer Verlag, 2011, 10 (1), pp.95--108. ⟨10.1007/s10237-010-0220-z⟩. ⟨hal-00692853⟩

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