Fluorescence Properties and Dipole Moments of Novel Fused Thienobenzofurans. Solvent and Structural Effects

Abstract : The electronic absorption, fluorescence excitation and emission spectra, and fluorescence quantum yields of novel fused thienobenzofurans, including thieno[3,2-b][1]benzofuran (1), [1]benzothieno[3,2-b]furan (2), and [1]benzothieno[3,2-b][1]benzofuran (3), were recorded in fourteen solvents of different polarities at room temperature. Compound 2 was not fluorescent. Experimental ground-state dipole moments of compounds 1-3 were measured in benzene at 298 K and compared with the corresponding theoretical dipole moment values. The solvent effects on the electronic absorption and fluorescence spectra of these thienobenzofurans were quantitatively investigated by means of solvatochromic correlations based on the Kawski-Chamma-Viallet and McRae equations. A weak negative solvatochromic behavior was found for these compounds, showing that their dipole moments are slightly lower in the excited singlet-state than in the ground-state. Kamlet-Abboud-Taft multiparameter relationships were also established for electronic absorption and fluorescence wavenumbers, and fluorescence quantum yields in most solvents, demonstrating the occurrence of specific solute-solvent interactions.
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Jean-Jacques Aaron, Cyril Parkanyi, Alain Adenier, Caroline Potin, Zuzana Zajickova, et al.. Fluorescence Properties and Dipole Moments of Novel Fused Thienobenzofurans. Solvent and Structural Effects. Journal of Fluorescence, Springer Verlag, 2011, 21 (6), pp.2133--2141. ⟨10.1007/s10895-011-0914-3⟩. ⟨hal-00692772⟩

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