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A bed pressure correction of the friction term for depth-averaged granular flow models

Abstract : Depth-averaged models, such as the Savage-Hutter model with Coulomb or Pouliquen friction laws, do not in some cases preserve the physical threshold of motion. In particular, the simulated granular mass can start to flow (or stay at rest) even if the slope angle of its free surface is lower (or higher) than the repose angle of the granular material involved. The problem is related to the hydrostatic pressure assumption, associated with the direction of integration, which is orthogonal to a reference plane or a reference bottom. We propose here an initial method to correct this misleading behavior. Firstly, we define a correction of the friction term that accounts for the Jacobian of a change of coordinates, making it possible to reproduce the physical threshold of motion and thus the solutions at rest. Secondly, we observe that the 3D model presented in [F. Bouchut, I. Ionescu, and A. Mangeney. An analytic approach for the evolution of the staticflowing interface in viscoplastic granular flows. Commun, Math. Sci., 14(8):2101-2126, 2016] verifies the physical thresholds of motion because it is based on a second order correction of the pressure valid for slow granular flows. The correction proposed here ensures that the model preserves, up to the second order, the physical threshold of motion defined by the repose angle of the material. Several numerical tests are presented to illustrate certain problems related to classical depth averaged models and the remedial effect of the proposed correction, in particular through comparisons with experimental data. We finally show that this correction is not exact far from the starting and stopping phases of the granular avalanche and should be improved by adding other second order terms in the pressure approximation.
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Contributor : François Bouchut Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 18, 2022 - 2:13:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:02:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, June 19, 2022 - 6:59:58 PM

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François Bouchut, Juan Manuel Delgado-Sánchez, Enrique Domingo Fernández-Nieto, Anne Mangeney, Gladys Narbona-Reina. A bed pressure correction of the friction term for depth-averaged granular flow models. Applied Mathematical Modelling, Elsevier, 2022, 106, pp.627-658. ⟨10.1016/j.apm.2022.01.034⟩. ⟨hal-03613387⟩

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