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Détruire les enceintes et ouvrir la ville au XIXe siècle : le cas allemand

Abstract : Destroying City Walls and Opening up the City in the 19th Century: The German Case. In the late 18th century, many German cities were still walled. Changes in warfare made most of these defensive walls obsolete, as in manoeuvre warfare, decisive battles were waged in open countryside, even more so with the widespread use of railways to organise troop movements. The end of the German civil wars and the security achieved through the creation of the Reich made heavy fortifications useless. Many defensive walls were demolished during the French occupation. After 1813, the trend of demolitions continued, and around 1870, nearly all defensive walls had been torn down. The urban bourgeoisie called for these demolitions in order to open up cities. These works often required complex negotiations between states, often reluctant military commanders, and municipal authorities, involving land ownership and the use of the land freed up by the demolitions. The destruction of city walls was an opportunity to implement major, innovative town planning projects, and facilitated a rapid development of lines of communication, as well as faster growth of built-up areas. The opening up of these areas enabled numerous parks and broad avenues to be built, or even monumental architectural to be created.
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Contributor : Frédéric Saly-Giocanti Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 25, 2019 - 10:51:14 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02008803, version 1



Frédéric Saly-Giocanti. Détruire les enceintes et ouvrir la ville au XIXe siècle : le cas allemand. Fourcaut Annie; Bourillon Florence. Agrandir Paris (1860-1970), Éditions de la Sorbonne, pp.65-80, 2012. ⟨hal-02008803⟩



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