Les cultes impériaux dans les cités d'Asie Mineure: des spécificités provinciales?

Abstract : The cities and koina of the microasiatic provinces of the Roman Empire organized cults for Augustus and his successors early on. The competition between cities to host provincial temples has been well studied, but the comparison of the structures of worship within the various provinces remained to be done, particularly with regard to civic cults. Leaving aside the variety of titles borne by the dignitaries of the provincial cult – Asiarchs, Bithyniarchs, Lykiarchs –, we discuss the relationship between provincial and civic cults in each province. In Asia, civic cults were organized by local high priests, and reproduced provincial cults on a smaller scale. Civic high priesthood was less sys-tematical in Lycia, in Bithynia et Pontus, as well as in other Anatolian provinces. In Achaia, by contrast, another model developed whereby civic cults preceded federal and provincial cults, and civic high priesthood emerged independently of provincial high priesthood. As far as the organization of imperial cults is concerned, the relationship between federal assemblies and cities therefore differed between provinces, making it possible for us to talk of provincial specificities. Structures and frontiers imposed by the Romans clearly had an effect on the adoption or rejection of certain institutions, even if this did not result in the formation of conscious provincial identities.
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Gabrielle Frija. Les cultes impériaux dans les cités d'Asie Mineure: des spécificités provinciales?. Vitale, Marco; Kolb, Anne. Kaiserkult, De Gruyter, 2016, Kaiserkult in den Provinzen des Römischen Reiches - Organisation, Kommunikation und Repräsentation. ⟨hal-01789466⟩

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