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Viajeros e Independencia : la mirada del otro

Abstract : The travelers mentioned in this book all had a real passion for the political independence of Brazil and the young Hispano-American republics. Whether they greeted the novelty with enthusiasm or disapproval, their skewed gaze was often astonishingly perceptive. Far from the two clichés traditionally attached to the genre - the grandiloquent narration of an individual gesture and the repertoire of picturesque images - the travel narrative is thus elevated here to the rank of a major source on the "axial moment" of the reconfiguration of empires, which was so decisive in the decade of the 1820s. Because Francisco de Miranda and Alexandre de Humboldt put their travels at the service of the invention of Liberty, it was appropriate to consider them as paradigms of a figure of travel in which aesthetics and politics were fully communicative. It was the birth of the Republic of Colombia that then gave rise to the expression of a political moment of the Travel of exceptional intensity on the part of Europeans and North Americans. The contradictory accounts of Gaspard Théodore de Mollien and William Duane provide a perfect illustration of this. Other travellers give us an original look at the independence of Peru: Captain Rossi and Lafond de Lurcy testify to events that are little documented in the archives. Similarly, the cross-examination of an Italian scholar, Jacobo C. Beltrami, and an English merchant, William T. Penny, paint a very contrasting portrait of the young Mexican republic. But the book also gives an account of how travel narratives can be used to write the history of women in Lima and Buenos Aires during the period of Independence. In a symmetrical way, it analyzes the British author Maria Graham's view of the status of women in Brazil and the country's independence. The book closes with Darwin's impressions of the young republic of Chile and the very chaotic beginnings, in his eyes, of the republic of Peru.
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https://hal-upec-upem.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01781230
Contributor : Georges Lomné <>
Submitted on : Sunday, April 29, 2018 - 8:59:01 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, August 22, 2020 - 1:41:45 PM

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Scarlett O'Phelan Godoy, Georges Lomné. Viajeros e Independencia : la mirada del otro. Lima, Perú. Fondo Editorial del Congreso del Perú, pp.464, 2017, Colección Bicentenario de la Independencia 1821-2021, 978-612-4329-265. ⟨hal-01781230⟩

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