C. A. Angell, Relaxation in liquids, polymers and plastic crystals ??? strong/fragile patterns and problems, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.131, issue.133, pp.131-133, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(91)90266-9

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties Academic, 1986.

R. J. Bell and P. Dean, Localization of phonons in vitreous silica and related glasses, International Conference on the Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids, 1972.

J. M. Bockris, J. D. Mackenzie, and J. A. Kitchener, Viscous flow in silica and binary liquid silicates, Transactions of the Faraday Society, vol.51, pp.1734-1748, 1955.
DOI : 10.1039/tf9555101734

J. O. Bockris and G. W. Mellors, Electric Transport in Liquid Lead Silicates and Borates., The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol.60, issue.9, pp.1321-1328, 1956.
DOI : 10.1021/j150543a040

S. A. Brawer and W. B. White, Raman spectroscopic investigation of the structure of silicate glasses (II). Soda-alkaline earth-alumina ternary and quaternary glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.23, issue.2, pp.261-278, 1977.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(77)90009-6

F. Fayon, C. Bessada, D. Massiot, I. Farnan, and J. P. Coutures, 29 Si and 207 Pb NMR study of local order in lead silicate glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.232, pp.403-408, 1998.

F. Fayon, C. Landron, K. Sakurai, C. Bessada, and D. Massiot, Pb2+ environment in lead silicate glasses probed by Pb-LIII edge XAFS and 207Pb NMR, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.243, issue.1, pp.39-44, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3093(98)00809-6

S. Feller, G. Lodden, A. Riley, T. Edwards, J. Croskrey et al., A multispectroscopic structural study of lead silicate glasses over an extended range of compositions, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.356, issue.6-8, pp.304-313, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.12.003

J. D. Frantz and B. O. Mysen, Raman spectra and structure of BaO???SiO2 SrO???SiO2 and CaO???SiO2 melts to 1600??C, Chemical Geology, vol.121, issue.1-4, pp.155-176, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(94)00127-T

K. Fukumi, J. Hayakawa, and T. Komiyama, Intensity of raman band in silicate glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.119, issue.3, pp.297-302, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(90)90302-3

T. Furukawa, S. A. Brawer, and W. B. White, The structure of lead silicate glasses determined by vibrational spectroscopy, Journal of Materials Science, vol.126, issue.2, pp.268-282, 1978.
DOI : 10.1180/mono-4

T. Furukawa, K. E. Fox, and W. B. White, Raman spectroscopic investigation of the structure of silicate glasses. III. Raman intensities and structural units in sodium silicate glasses, The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol.51, issue.7, pp.3226-3237, 1981.
DOI : 10.1107/S0365110X63002061

F. L. Galeener, Band limits and the vibrational spectra of tetrahedral glasses, Physical Review B, vol.21, issue.8, pp.4292-4397, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0038-1098(77)90185-5

F. L. Galeener, Planar rings in vitreous silica, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.49, issue.1-3, pp.53-62, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(82)90108-9

F. L. Galeener, Planar rings in glasses, Solid State Communications, vol.44, issue.7, pp.1037-1040, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0038-1098(82)90329-5

R. F. Geller, A. S. Creamer, and E. N. Bunting, The System PbO-SiO 2, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, vol.13, issue.2, pp.237-244, 1934.

S. K. Gupta, Viscosity of PbO-SiO2 melts, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol.1, issue.2, pp.281-287, 1995.
DOI : 10.1179/000844381795270543

P. C. Hess, PbO-SiO2 melts: structure and thermodynamics of mixing, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.39, issue.5, pp.671-687, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(75)90010-1

M. Imaoka, H. Hasegawa, and I. Yasui, X-ray diffraction analysis on the structure of the glasses in the system PbO???SiO2, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.85, issue.3, pp.393-412, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(86)90011-6

E. Jak, P. C. Hayes, S. Degterov, A. D. Pelton, and P. Wu, Thermodynamic optimization of the systems PbO-SiO2, PbO-ZnO, ZnO-SiO2 and PbO-ZnO-SiO2, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, vol.17, issue.6, pp.1011-1018, 1997.
DOI : 10.2320/matertrans1960.19.275

A. Karnis and L. Gautron, Promising immobilization of cadmium and lead inside Ca-rich glassceramics . Solid waste management: Waste valorization, International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, vol.1, issue.4, pp.210-213, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00740223

L. Losq, C. Neuville, and D. R. , Effect of the Na/K mixing on the structure and the rheology of tectosilicate silica-rich melts, Chemical Geology, vol.346, pp.57-71, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.09.009

L. Losq, C. Neuville, D. R. Florian, P. Henderson, G. S. Massiot et al., The role of Al3+ on rheology and structural changes in sodium silicate and aluminosilicate glasses and melts, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.126, pp.495-517, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gca.2013.11.010

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01085226

S. K. Lee and E. J. Kim, O Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol.119, issue.1, pp.748-756, 2015.
DOI : 10.1021/jp509780f

V. K. Leko, N. K. Gusakova, E. V. Meshcheryakova, and T. I. Prochorova, The effect of impurity alkali oxides, hydroxyl groups, Al 2 O 3 and Ga 2 O 3 on the viscosity of glass forming silica, Fiz. Chim. Stekla, vol.3, pp.219-226, 1977.

H. Maekawa, T. Maekawa, K. Kawamura, and T. Yokokawa, The structural groups of alkali silicate glasses determined from 29Si MAS-NMR, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.127, issue.1, pp.53-64, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(91)90400-Z

D. W. Matson, S. K. Sharma, and J. A. Philpotts, The structure of high-silica alkali-silicate glasses. A Raman spectroscopic investigation, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.58, issue.2-3, pp.323-352, 1983.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(83)90032-7

P. F. Mcmillan, Structural studies of silicate glasses and melts?Applications and limitations of Raman spectroscopy, American Mineralogist, vol.69, pp.622-644, 1984.

P. F. Mcmillan, G. H. Wolf, and B. T. Poe, Vibrational spectroscopy of silicate liquids and glasses, Chemical Geology, vol.96, issue.3-4, pp.351-366, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(92)90064-C

P. F. Mcmillan, B. T. Poe, P. H. Gillet, and B. Reynard, A study of SiO2 glass and supercooled liquid to 1950 K via high-temperature Raman spectroscopy, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.58, issue.17, pp.3653-3664, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(94)90156-2

H. Morikawa, Y. Takagi, and H. Ohno, Structural analysis of 2PbO??SiO2 glass, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.53, issue.1-2, pp.173-182, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(82)90027-8

B. O. Mysen, L. W. Finger, D. Virgo, and F. A. Seifert, Curve-fitting of Raman spectra of silicate glasses, American Mineralogist, vol.67, pp.686-695, 1982.

B. O. Mysen, Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts, 1988.

B. O. Mysen, The role of aluminum in depolymerized, peralkaline aluminosilicate melts in the systems Li 2 O, American Mineralogist, vol.75, pp.2-3, 1990.

B. O. Mysen and J. D. Frantz, Silicate melts at magmatic temperatures: in-situ structure determination to 1651???C and effect of temperature and bulk composition on the mixing behavior of structural units, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, vol.46, issue.1, pp.1-14, 1994.
DOI : 10.1127/ejm/2/4/0427

H. W. Nesbitt and M. E. Fleet, An ion-association model for PbO-SiO2 melts: interpretation of thermochemical, conductivity, and density data, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.45, issue.2, pp.235-244, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(81)90168-X

D. R. Neuville and P. Richet, Viscosity and mixing in molten (Ca, Mg) pyroxenes and garnets, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.55, issue.4, pp.1011-1019, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(91)90159-3

D. R. Neuville and B. O. Mysen, Role of aluminium in the silicate network: In situ, high-temperature study of glasses and melts on the join SiO2-NaAlO2, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.60, issue.10, pp.1727-1737, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(96)00049-X

D. R. Neuville, L. Cormier, and D. Massiot, Al environment in tectosilicate and peraluminous glasses: A 27Al MQ-MAS NMR, Raman, and XANES investigation, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.68, issue.24, pp.5071-5079, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gca.2004.05.048

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00086586

D. R. Neuville, Structure and properties in (Sr, Na) silicate glasses and melts, Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, vol.46, pp.112-118, 2005.

D. R. Neuville, Viscosity, structure and mixing in (Ca, Na) silicate melts, Chemical Geology, vol.229, issue.1-3, pp.28-41, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2006.01.008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00268882

D. Neuville, L. Cormier, V. Montouillout, P. Florian, F. Millot et al., Structure of Mg-and Mg/Ca aluminosilicate glasses, Al NMR and Raman spectroscopy investigations, p.27, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00346426

D. R. Neuville, D. De-ligny, and G. S. Henderson, Advances in Raman Spectroscopy Applied to Earth and Material Sciences, Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol.78, issue.1, pp.509-541, 2014.
DOI : 10.2138/rmg.2013.78.13

H. Ohno, T. Nagasaki, N. Igawa, and H. Kawamura, Neutron irradiation effects of PbO-SiO 2 glasses, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol.179, pp.473-476, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3115(91)90127-s

C. Patterson, Age of meteorites and the earth, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.10, issue.4, pp.230-237, 1956.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(56)90036-9

R. A. Robie, B. S. Hemmingway, and J. R. Fisher, Thermodynamic properties of minerals and related substances at 298.15 K and 1 bar (10 5 Pascals) pressure and at higher temperature, Geological Survey Bulletin, vol.1452, pp.205-209, 1978.

P. Richet and Y. Bottinga, Heat capacity of aluminum-free liquid silicates, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.49, issue.2, pp.471-486, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(85)90039-0

F. A. Seifert, B. O. Mysen, and D. Virgo, Three-dimensional network structure of quenched melts (glass) in the systems SiO 2 -NaAl 2 , SiO 2 -CaAl 2 O 4 and SiO 2 -MgAl 2 O 4, American Mineralogist, vol.67, pp.7-8, 1982.

P. N. Sen and M. F. Thorpe, glasses: From molecular to band-like modes, Physical Review B, vol.3, issue.8, p.4030, 1977.
DOI : 10.1088/0022-3719/3/10/013

S. K. Sharma, J. F. Mammone, and M. F. Nicol, Raman investigation of ring configurations in vitreous silica, Nature, vol.31, issue.36, pp.140-141, 1981.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevB.16.2942

S. K. Sharma, J. A. Philpotts, and D. W. Matson, Ring distributions in alkali- and alkaline-earth aluminosilicate framework glasses- a raman spectroscopic study, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.71, issue.1-3, pp.403-410, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(85)90311-4

R. T. Shannon, Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides, Acta Crystallographica Section A, vol.32, issue.5, pp.751-767, 1976.
DOI : 10.1107/S0567739476001551

B. M. Smets and T. P. Lommen, The structure of glasses and crystalline compounds in the system PbO???SiO2, studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.48, issue.2-3, pp.423-430, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(82)90177-6

G. Urbain, Y. Bottinga, and P. Richet, Viscosity of liquid silica, silicates and alumino-silicates, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.46, issue.6, 1982.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(82)90059-X

A. K. Varshneya, A. K. Varshneya, and M. Tomozawa, Density and Molar Volume Fundamentals of inorganic glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, pp.149-159, 1994.

C. A. Worrell and T. Henshall, Vibrational spectroscopic studies of some lead silicate glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.29, issue.3, pp.283-299, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(78)90150-3

P. W. Wang and L. Zhang, Structural role of lead in lead silicate glasses derived from XPS spectra, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.194, issue.1-2, pp.129-134, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(95)00471-8

A. M. Zahra, C. Y. Zahra, and B. Piriou, DSC and Raman studies of lead borate and lead silicate glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.155, issue.1, pp.45-55, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3093(93)90470-I