Development of an in silico method for the identification of subcomplexes involved in the biogenesis of multiprotein complexes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Abstract : Background: Large sets of protein-protein interaction data coming either from biological experiments or predictive methods are available and can be combined to construct networks from which information about various cell processes can be extracted. We have developed an in silico approach based on these information to model the biogenesis of multiprotein complexes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Results: Firstly, we have built three protein interaction networks by collecting the protein-protein interactions, which involved the subunits of three complexes, from different databases. The protein-protein interactions come from different kinds of biological experiments or are predicted. We have chosen the elongator and the mediator head complexes that are soluble and exhibit an architecture with subcomplexes that could be functional modules, and the mitochondrial bc 1 complex, which is an integral membrane complex and for which a late assembly subcomplex has been described. Secondly, by applying a clustering strategy to these networks, we were able to identify subcomplexes involved in the biogenesis of the complexes as well as the proteins interacting with each subcomplex. Thirdly, in order to validate our in silico results for the cytochrome bc1 complex we have analysed the physical interactions existing between three subunits by performing immunoprecipitation experiments in several genetic context. Conclusions: For the two soluble complexes (the elongator and mediator head), our model shows a strong clustering of subunits that belong to a known subcomplex or module. For the membrane bc 1 complex, our approach has suggested new interactions between subunits in the early steps of the assembly pathway that were experimentally confirmed. Scripts can be downloaded from the site: http://bim.igmors.u-psud.fr/isips.
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Annie Glatigny, Philippe Gambette, Alexa Bourand-Plantefol, Geneviève Dujardin, Marie-Hélène Mucchielli-Giorgi. Development of an in silico method for the identification of subcomplexes involved in the biogenesis of multiprotein complexes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. BMC Systems Biology, BioMed Central, 2017, 11 (67), pp.1-12. 〈10.1186/s12918-017-0442-0〉. 〈hal-01560671〉

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