Numerical simulation of the 30--45 ka debris avalanche flow of Montagne Pelée volcano, Martinique: from volcano flank collapse to submarine emplacement

Abstract : We simulate here the emplacement of the debris avalanche generated by the last flank collapse event of Montagne Pele´e volcano (30–45 ka), Martinique, Lesser Antilles. Our objective is to assess the maximum distance (i.e., runout) that can be reached by this type of debris avalanche as a function of the volume involved. Numerical simulations are performed using two complementary depth-averaged thin-layer continuum models because no complete models were available in the literature. The first model, SHALTOP, accurately describes dry granular flows over a 3D topography and may be easily extended to describe submarine avalanches. The second model, HYSEA, describes the subaerial and submarine parts of the avalanche as well as its interaction with the water column. However, HYSEA less accurately describes the thin-layer approximation on the 3D topography. Simulations were undertaken testing different empirical friction laws and debris avalanche volume flows. Our study suggests that large collapses (~25 km3) probably occurred in several times with successive volumes smaller than about 5 km3 entering the sea. This result provides new constraints on the emplacement processes of debris avalanches associated with these collapses which can drastically change the related hazard assessment such as the generated tsunami, in a region known for its seismic and volcanic risks.
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Natural Hazards, Springer Verlag, 2017, 87 (2), pp.1189-1222. 〈10.1007/s11069-017-2815-5〉
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Soumis le : dimanche 4 juin 2017 - 17:53:06
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:25:48

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Morgane Brunet, Laurent Moretti, Anne Le Friant, Anne Mangeney, Enrique D. Fernandez-Nieto, et al.. Numerical simulation of the 30--45 ka debris avalanche flow of Montagne Pelée volcano, Martinique: from volcano flank collapse to submarine emplacement. Natural Hazards, Springer Verlag, 2017, 87 (2), pp.1189-1222. 〈10.1007/s11069-017-2815-5〉. 〈hal-01532968〉

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