La structuration de la politique publique du sport en France au regard des conditions de l'encadrement sportif entre 1945 et 1975

Abstract : Coaching, like sports equipment, is an essential factor in the construction of public policies in sport in France. During the first half of the twentieth century, access to professional coaching was not regulated by sport federations. At the time, sport federations were independent from the government. After the Second World War, by the order of August 28, 1945 the State established new relationships with sport federations. In this new context, the State regulates access to coaching in activities involving major risks (skiing, mountain climbing, swimming, fencing, judo). These regulations are the premises of the public policy of coaching conditions and are inseparable from stakeholders' actions (associations, unions, educators). These key figures will contribute to the emergence and development of this public policy. This dynamic between local and state levels eventually led to the creation of the "sports instructor" profession in 1963. The Fifth Republic embodies a project that had existed for ten years but had never been completed. Since the completion of the project, professional coaching has required all applicants to have a State-issued diploma. Coaching conditions have therefore experienced many changes including the creation of "State certificate of sports instructor" ("Brevet d'Etat d'Educateur Sportif") in 1972.
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Contributor : Jérémy Pierre <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 10, 2014 - 10:52:21 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 14, 2014 - 2:56:34 PM

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Jérémy Pierre. La structuration de la politique publique du sport en France au regard des conditions de l'encadrement sportif entre 1945 et 1975. Stadion - Zeitschrift für Geschichte des Sports und der Körperkultur, Academia Verlag, 2013, 37 (2), pp.305-326. ⟨hal-00926746⟩

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