Sport as a Major Player in the Development of Tourism: The History of Mountaineering in the Pelvoux Massif, France, from 1861 to 1914

Abstract : Tourism and sport are two phenomena that rapidly expanded at the end of the nineteenth century. The latter is often viewed as a service in a system structured by the former, in the way tennis courts or golf courses are established near hotel facilities. Yet, the development of outdoor sports reveals that a tourist territory can be defined by its sports function. Through the example of mountaineering in the French Pelvoux massif, we are going to show that a physical activity may have a major role in determining tourist territories and the local economic growth. This research paper investigates, chronologically and geographically, the expansion of mountaineering in the Pelvoux massif and its spin-off effects on touristic amenities, especially in the development of hotel services, town-and-country planning and communications. This demonstration is based on archives from several alpine societies - the French Alpine Club, the Society of Dauphine ́ Tourists and the Touring Club de France - as well as on monographs published by mountaineers.
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Contributor : Pierre-Olaf Schut <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 23, 2013 - 1:28:43 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 23, 2013 - 1:28:43 PM

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Pierre-Olaf Schut. Sport as a Major Player in the Development of Tourism: The History of Mountaineering in the Pelvoux Massif, France, from 1861 to 1914. International Journal of the History of Sport, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2013, 30 (12), pp.1329-1350. ⟨10.1080/09523367.2013.784272⟩. ⟨hal-00922060⟩

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