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A numerical study based on a weakly compressible formulation for thermosolutal convection in vertical cavities

Abstract : Laminar thermosolutal convection in cavities with uniform, constant temperature and mass fraction profiles at the vertical side is studied numerically. The study is conducted in the case where an inert carrier gas (species ''1'') present in the cavity is not soluble in species ''2'', and do not diffuse into the walls. A mass flux of species ''2'' into the cavity occurs at the hot vertical wall and a mass flux out of the cavity occurs at the opposite cold wall. The weakly compressible model proposed in this work was used to investigate the flow fields, and heat and mass transfer in cavities filled with binary mixtures of ideal gases. The dimensionless form of the seven governing equations for constant thermophysical properties, except density, show that the problem formulation involves ten dimensionless parameters. The results were validated against numerical results published in the literature for purely thermal convection, and thermodynamic predictions for transient thermosolutal flows. A parametric study has een performed to investigate the effects of the initial conditions, molecular weight ratio, Lewis number, and aspect ratio of the cavity for aiding or opposing buoyancy forces. For the range of parameters considered, the results show that variations in the density field have larger effects on mass transfer than on heat transfer. For opposing buoyancy forces, the numerical simulations predict complex flow structures and possible chaotic behavior for rectangular vertical cavities according to the value of the molecular weight ratio.
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Contributor : Guy Lauriat <>
Submitted on : Saturday, November 10, 2012 - 5:23:09 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 19, 2020 - 11:52:03 AM

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H. Sun, Guy Lauriat. A numerical study based on a weakly compressible formulation for thermosolutal convection in vertical cavities. Heat and Mass Transfer, Springer Verlag, 2010, 46 (-), pp.495-508. ⟨10.1007/s00231-010-0587-5⟩. ⟨hal-00750524⟩



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