Importance and Sensitivity Analysis in Dynamic Reliability

Abstract : In dynamic reliability, the evolution of a system is governed by a piecewise deterministic Markov process, which is characterized by different input data. Assuming such data to depend on some parameter $p$ is an element of $P$, our aim is to compute the first-order derivative with respect to each $p$ is an element of $P$ of some functionals of the process, which may help to rank input data according to their relative importance, in view of sensitivity analysis. The functionals of interest are expected values of some function of the process, cumulated on some finite time interval $[0, t]$, and their asymptotic values per unit time. Typical quantities of interest hence are cumulated (production) availability, or mean number of failures on some finite time interval and similar asymptotic quantities. The computation of the first-order derivative with respect to $p$ is an element of $P$ is made through a probabilistic counterpart of the adjoint state method, from the numerical analysis field. Examples are provided, showing the good efficiency of this method, especially in case of a large $P$.
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Robert Eymard, Sophie Mercier, Michel Roussignol. Importance and Sensitivity Analysis in Dynamic Reliability. Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability, Springer Verlag, 2011, 13 (1), pp.75-104. ⟨10.1007/s11009-009-9122-x⟩. ⟨hal-00692992⟩

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