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Quasistatic detachment of a sphere from a liquid interface

Abstract : In this paper the problem of removing a spherical particle initially attached to a liquid-gas interface is analytically treated. In particular, the Derjaguin equation for small radii is used to derive a closed-form approximate expression for the work of detachment of the sphere from the interface. Expressions corresponding to the prescribed displacement condition and the applied force condition, which seems to be the relevant condition for the flotation separation process, are presented. A special effort has been made to closely compare analytical results with data obtained through the exact numerical treatment of the detachment process. Results show that proposed expressions are sufficiently accurate to calculate the energy required to detach the sphere from the interface as soon as the sphere radius is small compared to the capillary length. Validity limits are specified. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
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Xavier Chateau, Olivier Pitois. Quasistatic detachment of a sphere from a liquid interface. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2003, 259 (2), pp.346--353. ⟨10.1016/S0021-9797(02)00219-9⟩. ⟨hal-00692965⟩



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