Microfabrication of new microelectrode arrays equipped with a ground surface configuration for focal neural microstimulation

Abstract : Extracellular electrical stimulation of the central nervous system has been used empirically for decades, with both fundamental and clinical goals. Currently, microelectrode arrays (MEAs) offer new possibilities for CNS microstimulation, allowing in principle to activate only neurons located in the vicinity of the stimulation sites. To overcome the lack of focality of monopolar stimulations, multipolar approaches are commonly used, multiplying therefore the number of electrodes of the arrays and the complexity of the connection system behind. To overcome these limitations, we developed a ground surface configuration consisting in surrounding all the electrodes with a conductive surface laying over the MEA substrate, and using it for the stimulation current return. We first report the microfabrication of a prototype of MEA equipped with this configuration. We also perform experimental recordings of the potential field induced by microstimulations and confirm the expected increased focality with the ground surface configuration. This will open the way to focal 'pixel-like' microstimulation of neural networks using MEAs.
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L. Rousseau, S. Joucla, Gaelle Lissorgues, B. Yvert. Microfabrication of new microelectrode arrays equipped with a ground surface configuration for focal neural microstimulation. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, IOP Publishing, 2009, 19 (7), ⟨10.1088/0960-1317/19/7/074010⟩. ⟨hal-00692941⟩

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