Realisation and characterisation of mass-based diamond micro-transducers working in dynamic mode

Abstract : We report on novel MEMS micro-transducers made of diamond and targeted for bio-sensing applications. To overcome the non-straightforward micromachining of diamond, we developed a bottom up process for the fabrication of synthetic diamond micro-structures involving the patterned growth of diamond using the CVD (chemical vapour deposition) technique, inside micro-machined silicon moulds. Here typical resonant MEMS structures including cantilevers fabricated using this method were characterized by measuring their first mode resonance (frequency and Q-factor) by Doppler laser interferometry. The experimental data matched the simulation data. Data from bare diamond cantilevers and from diamond cantilevers with actuation gold track on the surface were compared and showed a significant decrease in the resonant frequency in the presence of gold tracks. Nevertheless, comparisons with equivalent silicon structures demonstrated the superior performances of diamond cantilevers: the resonance frequencies were twice higher and the Q-factors 2.5 times higher for the diamond transducers. Diamond cantilevers sensitivity were measured using PMMA deposition and values as high as 227.4 Hz ng(-1) were found. It was shown that diamond mass sensitivity values are typically two times higher than identical silicon devices. Finally, the limit of detection (LOD) of diamond cantilevers was found experimentally to be as low as 0.86 pg using our set up. This is suitable for many bio-sensing applications. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Alexandre Bongrain, Emmanuel Scorsone, Lionel Rousseau, Gaelle Lissorgues, Philippe Bergonzo. Realisation and characterisation of mass-based diamond micro-transducers working in dynamic mode. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Elsevier, 2011, 154 (2), pp.142--149. ⟨10.1016/j.snb.2009.12.067⟩. ⟨hal-00692910⟩



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