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Computational model for long-range non-linear propagation over urban cities

Abstract : A computational model for long-range non-linear sound propagation over urban environments is described. First the probability model of the geometrical parameters of an urban environment are determined using Information Theory and the Maximum Entropy Principle. The propagation model is then presented: it is based on the non-linear parabolic equation (NPE) and its extension to propagation in porous media, in which the urban layer of the real system is represented by a porous ground layer. The uncertainties introduced by the use of this simplified model and the presence of the variability of the real system are taken into account with a probabilistic model. Reference solutions are obtained thanks to the boundary element method (BEM); these experimental observations are then used to identify the parameters of the probability model. This inverse stochastic problem is solved using an evolutionary algorithm which involves both the mean-square method and the maximum likelihood method. Applications and model validation are then presented for two different urban environment morphologies. It is shown that the identification method provides an accurate and robust way for identifying the stochastic model parameters, independently of the variability of the real system. Constructed confidence regions are in good agreement with the numerical observations.
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Submitted on : Sunday, April 1, 2012 - 1:22:17 PM
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T. Leissing, Christian Soize, P. Jean, J. Defrance. Computational model for long-range non-linear propagation over urban cities. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Hirzel Verlag, 2010, 96 (5), pp.884-898. ⟨10.3813/AAA.918347⟩. ⟨hal-00684311⟩



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