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The expressive power of the shuffle product

Abstract : There is an increasing interest in the shuffle product on formal languages, mainly because it is a standard tool for modeling process algebras. It still remains a mysterious operation on regular languages. Antonio Restivo proposed as a challenge to characterize the smallest class of languages containing the singletons and closed under Boolean operations, product and shuffle. This problem is still widely open, but we present some partial results on it. We also study some other smaller classes, including the smallest class containing the languages composed of a single word of length 2 which is closed under Boolean operations and shuffle by a letter (resp. shuffle by a letter and by the star of a letter). The proof techniques have both an algebraic and a combinatorial flavor.
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https://hal-upec-upem.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00619766
Contributor : Jean Berstel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 6, 2011 - 5:39:38 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 3:00:00 PM

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Jean Berstel, Luc Boasson, Olivier Carton, Jean-Eric Pin, Antonio Restivo. The expressive power of the shuffle product. Information and Computation, Elsevier, 2010, 208 (11), pp.1258-1272. ⟨10.1016/j.ic.2010.06.002⟩. ⟨hal-00619766⟩

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